There's plenty to do, see, and learn in Auckland!.
The isthmus was settled by Māori around 1350, and was valued for its rich and fertile land. Many pā (fortified villages) were created, mainly on the volcanic peaks. Māori population in the area is estimated to have been about 20,000 people before the arrival of Europeans. The introduction of firearms at the end of the eighteenth century, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating intertribal warfare beginning in 1807, causing iwi who lacked the new weapons to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids. As a result, the region had relatively low numbers of Māori when European settlement of New Zealand began. There is, however, nothing to suggest that this was the result of a deliberate European policy. On 27 January 1832, Joseph Brooks Weller, eldest of the Weller brothers of Otago and Sydney bought land including the sites of the modern cities of Auckland and North Shore and part of Rodney District for "one large cask of powder" from "Cohi Rangatira".
After the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in February 1840 the new Governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, chose the area as his new capital and named it after George Eden, Earl of Auckland then Viceroy of India. The land that Auckland was established on was given to the Governor by local Maori iwi Ngāti Whātua as a sign of goodwill and in the hope that the building of a city would attract commercial and political opportunities for the iwi. Auckland was officially declared New Zealand's capital in 1841 and the transfer of the administration from Russell (now Old Russell) in the Bay of Islands was completed in 1842. However, even in 1840 Port Nicholson (later Wellington) was seen as a better choice for an administrative capital because of its proximity to the South Island, and Wellington became the capital in 1865. After losing its status as capital Auckland remained the principal city of the Auckland Province until the provincial system was abolished in 1876.
In response to the ongoing rebellion by Hone Heke in the mid-1840s the government encouraged retired but fit British soldiers and their families to migrate to Auckland to form a defence line around the port settlement as garrison soldiers. By the time the first Fencibles arrived in 1848 the rebels in the north had been defeated so the outlying defensive towns were constructed to the south stretching in a line from the port village of Onehunga in the West to Howick in the east. Each of the four settlements had about 800 settlers, the men being fully armed in case of emergency but spent nearly all their time breaking in the land and establishing roads.
In the early 1860s Auckland became a base against the Māori King Movement. This, and continued road building towards the south into the Waikato, enabled Pākehā (European New Zealanders) influence to spread from Auckland. Its population grew fairly rapidly, from 1,500 in 1841 to 12,423 by 1864. The growth occurred similarly to other mercantile-dominated cities, mainly around the port and with problems of overcrowding and pollution. Auckland had a far greater population of ex soldiers, many of whom were Irish, than other settlements. About 50% of the population was Irish which contrasted heavily with the majority English settlers in Wellington, Christchurch or New Plymouth. Most of the Irish, though not all, were from Protestant Ulster. The majority of settlers in the early period were assisted by receiving a cheap passage to New Zealand.
Auckland leads significant New Zealand population growth - Newshub
23 Oct 2017 at 5:21pm
NewshubAuckland leads significant New Zealand population growthNewshub
A record number of immigrants accounted for more than 70 percent of population growth in New Zealand
in the last year, according to new data from Stats NZ
. The data reveals that our country's population grew by 100,400 in the year ending June 2017 ...
Subnational Population Estimates - 30 June 2017Scoop.co.nz (press release)all 3 news articles »
Flight test: Auckland to San Francisco with Air New Zealand - Stuff.co.nz
21 Oct 2017 at 10:01am
Stuff.co.nzFlight test: Auckland to San Francisco with Air New ZealandStuff.co.nz
If you can afford the extra $1000 or so, premium economy is worth it on the Auckland to San Francisco route. The airline: Air New Zealand. The route: Auckland
, New Zealand
to San Francisco, USA. Time in the air: 12 hours 10 minutes. The plane: A Boeing ...
What the new government means for transport in Auckland - The Spinoff
22 Oct 2017 at 1:10pm
The SpinoffWhat the new government means for transport in AucklandThe Spinoff
Early in the campaign Labour and the Greens adopted Greater Auckland's
Congestion Free Network and I imagine that NZ
First would support most of it. This new government gives us hope we can get some significant and quick progress on many aspects of ...and more »
Beck, Grace Jones, Phoenix and Justice to headline Auckland City Limits - New...
23 Oct 2017 at 12:48pm
Stuff.co.nzBeck, Grace Jones, Phoenix and Justice to headline Auckland City LimitsNew Zealand Herald
At the age of 69, Grace Jones will be on her first tour of New Zealand
, and has already sold out a sideshow in Queenstown. Smith, formerly of the Big Day Out, said he wasn't happy with how the 2017 event was shaping up and pulled it because "it wouldn ...
Iconic Acts Announce the Return of Auckland
City LimitsScoop.co.nz (press release)Grace Jones and Beck set to headline 2018's Auckland
City LimitsStuff.co.nzall 15 news articles »
Two dead after car fleeing police crashes into tree in Auckland - New Zealand...
22 Oct 2017 at 4:42pm
New Zealand HeraldTwo dead after car fleeing police crashes into tree in AucklandNew Zealand Herald
Two people have died in an early morning police pursuit that ended when the driver crashed into a tree in the Auckland
suburb of Morningside. The driver, 22, survived the crash, and two others received serious-moderate injuries in the crash that ...
Two dead after police pursuit in Auckland suburb | NewshubNewshubTwo friends dead after early morning police chase | Stuff.co.nzStuff.co.nzTwo killed in latest pursuit crashRadio New Zealandall 11 news articles »
Auckland: New Zealand's stunning North Island full of beauty and attractions ...
21 Oct 2017 at 5:01pm
Express.co.ukAuckland: New Zealand's stunning North Island full of beauty and attractionsExpress.co.ukNew Zealand's
North Island is full of natural beauty and a vibrant urban lifestyle Looking down over Auckland
across the sparkling blue waters of the Hauraki Gulf is a great way to get over jet lag. Even for a seasoned traveller, the idea of more than ...
Did a space storm contribute to Auckland's fuel crisis? - New Zealand Herald
23 Oct 2017 at 4:38pm
Did a space storm contribute to Auckland's fuel crisis?New Zealand Herald
Scientists say the sun may be corroding New Zealand's
pipelines, and might have played a role in Auckland's
recent fuel crisis - but not in the way we might think. Geomagnetic storms are a temporary disturbance of the magnetosphere, which surrounds our ...Solar storms and Auckland's
damaged fuel pipelineVoxyall 2 news articles »
Pink adds third Auckland show to New Zealand tour next year - Stuff.co.nz
18 Oct 2017 at 12:19am
Stuff.co.nzPink adds third Auckland show to New Zealand tour next yearStuff.co.nz
Pop star Pink has added an extra show to her New Zealand
Beautiful Trauma tour next year. In addition to one Dunedin show on September 1 and two Auckland
shows on September 4 and 5, the singer will now be performing a third show in Auckland
on ...and more »
Heavy rain, thunder set to hit Labour Day drivers - New Zealand Herald
22 Oct 2017 at 10:04am
Heavy rain, thunder set to hit Labour Day driversNew Zealand Herald
warned the positioning of the low meant even a small change could result in wet weather for the capital. Despite the wet, the weather should stay reasonably warm, with Auckland
, Northland and Gisborne all reaching the high ...and more »
Rainbow Warriors: Pride & Peace - Auckland Pride 2018 - Scoop.co.nz (press re...
23 Oct 2017 at 3:35pm
Rainbow Warriors: Pride & Peace - Auckland Pride 2018Scoop.co.nz (press release)
Moving forward into its sixth year, the Auckland
Pride Festival is New Zealand's
largest and loudest social and cultural programme of events for our Rainbow communities ? which includes people identifying as gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender ...